Delicate and sweet-flavored, Fennel belonging to parsley family is also referred as Florence fennel, finocchio, sweet fennel etc. Here are the Health benefits and Nutrition Facts of Fennel along with calories and Risks and precautions to include it in diet.
Nutrition Facts of Fennel Bulb
100 g Fennel bulb contains just 31 calories, and it is free of fat and cholesterol. It contains 3.1 gms of dietary fiber.
Fennel bulb is rich source of Potassium, Sodium, Calcium, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin B6, Calcium, Magnesium and Iron.
Fennels also contain good amounts of folate, choline, beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin and minerals phosphorous, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium. In addition it is also packed with vitamin E and vitamin K.
Health Benefits of Fennel Bulb
Rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and many other nutrients, Fennel bulb from ancient times has been used for its medicinal properties. It is packed with essential oils such as estragole, fenchone, anethole etc and contains antibacterial and antifungal properties.
As said Fennel bulbs are rich in dietary fiber that helps the digestive system function properly and offer health benefits. The compounds increase satiety and reduce appetite, and helps control weight.
Fennel bulb is rich in folates, and the folic acid is essential for DNA synthesis and cell division. It helps pregnant women prevent neural tube defects and birth defects.
Fennel bulb is rich in are vitamins from the B complex group which helps to metabolize fats, protein and carbohydrates efficiently. The Vitamin C in Fennel bulb helps to prevent free radicals from damaging the healthy body cells and thus prevent cancer and inflammation.
Fennel is also rich in heart-friendly electrolyte potassium that helps regulate heart rate and blood pressure. Fennel bulbs are rich in choline, an essential nutrient that helps with memory, muscle movement, stress and sleep.
Risks and Precautions of Fennel Bulb
Spices like coriander, fennel and caraway may cause severe allergic reactions in individuals who are allergic to certain spices.
High potassium foods like Fennel bulbs should be taken in moderation, when you are taking medications such as Beta-blockers, as it can pose a serious risk to those with kidney problems.