Here Are 11 Types Of Psychotherapy You Should Know About

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Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, refers to a form of treatment that licensed mental health professionals use to treat various conditions, such as depression, anxiety, and PTSD. These are evidence-based approaches and can be very effective when used correctly.

In this article, we look at 11 common types of psychotherapy used today. While we hope you learn something here today, it’s always best to talk to your therapist about the approach that works best for you and your needs.


What are the benefits of psychotherapy?

Psychotherapy helps people with mental disorders:

  • Understand how their behaviors, emotions and beliefs contribute to their illness and how they can change them;
  • Identify stressors and life events – like a chronic illness, sudden death, or divorce – that make their illness worse and how to deal with them in a healthy way;
  • Regain a sense of control and improve your quality of life;
  • Learn to solve problems and develop healthy coping skills

Here Are 11 Types of Psychotherapy You Should Know (If You’re Struggling with Mental Illness)

What Are the Different Types of Psychotherapy?

In this next section we will talk about the different types of psychotherapy providers. This isn’t an exhaustive list, but it’s a good start!


Cognitive behavioral therapy?

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a specific therapy that treats mental disorders such as depression, anxiety and others. It is based on the belief that distorted thought patterns lead to negative emotions and behaviors, so CBT works to change these thought patterns.

Therapy includes recognizing and correcting problematic behavior and learning how to deal with unsafe situations. CBT can be effective for mental disorders, but it comes with a stigma that makes it difficult for some people to take up the challenge.


What is cognitive behavioral therapy? Courtesy YouTube.


Rational Emotional Therapy

Rational Emotive Therapy (RET) is a type of behavioral therapy that aims to change a person’s behavior and thinking by changing their perception of the world around them. It is often used to treat issues with depression, anxiety, trauma, and obsessive-compulsive disorder, among others.

Dialectical behavioral therapy

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) was developed to help people with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), including those with co-occurring disorders. This treatment approach uses different techniques, such as B. Mindfulness meditation to provide clients with the coping skills needed to deal with intense emotions and feelings in difficult situations.


behavior therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective treatment option for various mental illnesses. However, it is important to find a therapist who best suits your specific needs. While medication can be used as an adjunct treatment, behavioral therapy can complement medication and help provide increased symptom relief.

desensitization therapy

Desensitization therapy, also known as systematic desensitization, is a form of psychotherapeutic treatment in which patients gradually expose themselves to feared situations in order to overcome their fear. This treatment is used for various anxiety disorders such as phobias, post-traumatic stress disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

aversion therapy

Aversion therapy, also known as aversion conditioning, is a method of avoiding things. It’s a method people use to learn to associate two unlikely things, like the taste of “tabouli” with the taste of “poop.” It is a form of phobia modification in which a patient is rewarded for not responding to fear-provoking stimuli. Aversion therapy is used for conditions such as phobias, anxiety disorders, and smoking cessation.

Humanistic Therapy

The humanistic approach to therapy, also known as person-centered therapy, promotes a user-centered, client-centered approach that helps a client improve with the support of a therapist. This approach allows clients to explore problems at their own pace and promotes self-empowerment by encouraging individuals to take responsibility to work toward a resolution of their problems.

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Patients undergoing humanistic therapy are encouraged to discover their own instincts and strengths. The role of the therapist is to guide the patient in discovering their inner qualities and values ​​and to help redefine them. The therapist helps the patient overcome psychological obstacles such as low self-esteem, lack of self-confidence or depression. They encourage the patient to be assertive, optimistic and self-confident. The therapist also helps the patient explore inner conflicts and conflicts within relationships.

Existential Therapy

Existential therapy is a type of therapy that focuses more on your struggles than solutions. The aim of therapy is to support you in coping with your life problems and to help you to accept and overcome them.

Person Centered Therapy

Person-centered therapy is one of the oldest forms of psychotherapy still in use today. It focuses on how a person’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors affect their life. It is primarily rooted in a person-centered philosophy that asserts that the person, not their problems, is the expert on their life.

It is also known as Rogerian therapy, after the man who developed it, Dr. Carl Rogers.

Role play: person-centered therapy. Courtesy YouTube.

gestalt therapy

Gestalt therapy, developed by Fritz Perls, Ph.D., is a form of psychotherapy that emphasizes the importance of body awareness and the idea that our thoughts, emotions, perceptions, and actions are inextricably linked.

Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic therapy focuses on how past experiences affect our current emotions and behaviors. Psychodynamic therapy is a method in which a patient’s childhood is explored through a series of interviews and special attention is paid to the patient’s relationship with his or her parents. The therapist might ask a patient to recall childhood memories. You can see the patient’s relationship with their parents, such as B. their authority figures, and their reactions to those authority figures.

Psychodynamic therapy aims to treat mental and behavioral disorders such as depression, anxiety and psychosis. Therapy is based on the idea that our life experiences have left emotional scars that stunt our growth. Psychodynamic therapists believe that we have suppressed emotions and trauma that affect our behavior and relationships with others.

Final Thoughts

While psychotherapy is not a silver bullet, research has consistently shown that in the hands of a competent clinician and a willing and committed client, it can be a remarkable tool. Hopefully this overview of the different types of psychotherapy has provided you with the information you need to begin your journey.

You don’t need to know which therapy is right for you – that’s your therapist’s job. But the two of you can work together to identify your core issues and develop a treatment plan to overcome them.

It takes work and is sometimes uncomfortable, but the majority of clients who do their best report that it’s worth it.

If you have a mental illness, are addicted to drugs, or are simply struggling with the various stressors that life throws at us, try psychotherapy. Your new life awaits!

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