Women who consume more Fruits and Vegetables in their young age can significantly lower the development of Breast Cancer risk in later phases of their life, says a research study conducted by Maryam Farvid, research associate at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
Fruits and vegetables are rich sources of fibre and vitamins, and are recommended by diet experts for good health, but this has been the first time, a research study has been held to examine the effect of teenage women fruit intake on the future cancer development. Larger quantity of apples, bananas and green vegetables can positively affect the pathogenesis of breast cancer through several biological mechanisms.
The researchers have considered 90,476 women aged between 27 to 44 for the study, and these women had been grouped in the Nurses’ Health Study II. The Women had filled the food and diet questionnaire in 1991, and around 44,223 women filled another questionnaire in 1998 on their diet during adolescence. In the years of 1991 to 2013, the women were questioned on the food and alcohol consumption every four years. They were tracked on their breast cancer development every two years.
The study has found that over two decades, 3,235 women (1,347 women who had completed a questionnaire about their diets in adolescence) developed breast cancer. They have noticed that Ladies who consumed more fruits and vegetables during adolescence were associated to 25 percent lower risk of breast cancer in their middle age.
“These foods have well-known beneficial effects on health, and efforts should continue to increase intake of both fruit and vegetables at all ages,” said Maryam Farvid.