Rashes that occur on lower legs can be a type of Dermatitis, also called Eczema caused due to inflammation of the skin. Dermatitis can affect individuals of any age, and since there are different types of dermatitis, it is suggested to contact a dermatologist for treatment.
Symptoms of Rashes affecting lower legs
• Dermatitis of the lower legs
• Scaly rashes on lower legs
• Infections often affecting lower legs
• Other red conditions on lower legs
• Lower leg ulcers
There are several types of lower leg Dermatitis, which may affect at all ages.
It is particularly observed in Children. In infants it is seen on feet and ankles, and in older children and adults, it usually affects behind the knees. Atopic Dermatitis is characterized by itchy rashes and is complicated by acute flare-ups. There may be risks of secondary infection.
Discoid Eczema or Nummular Dermatitis is characterized by round or oval plaques, and can be observed at any age. Dry discoid eczema is non-itchy and occurs due to over-dry skin. Wet discoid eczema is caused due to skin injury and infected by Staphylococcus aureus. Discoid Eczema is seen as a patch initially which develops into multiple lesions on both lower legs.
Varicose Eczema is referred to a type of discoid eczema that is occurred due to varicose veins in the legs. Removal of the veins is the curative.
Gravitational dermatitis or venous eczema is caused due to valvular damage in leg vein or cellulitis (deep skin infection) or due to deep venous thrombosis (blood clot). The symptoms include swelling, red and scaly, itchy skin. Gravitational Dermatitis can lead to secondary infection, lipodermatosclerosis, autosensitisation and ulceration.
Contact Dermatitis is occurred due to skin irritants like bathing, soaps and tight socks or any specific allergies. Certain medicaments and cosmetics with topical antibiotics can result in Contact Dermatitis
Scaly Rashes on lower legs include Psoriasis, Lichen planus, Skin Cancers.
Infections often affecting lower legs include- Cellulitis, Folliculitis, Tinea corporis
Redness in the lower legs are caused due to Pretibial Myxoedema, Panniculitis, Necrobiosis lipoidica, Vasculitis, Capillaritis.
The above conditions are reasons behind the rashes on the calves. We strongly advise you to seek medical help to identify the cause of the rash before considering the home remedies.
Natural Remedies to prevent from Rashes
• Irrespective of the type of dermatitis or any other conditions, be it scaly rashes or infections, there are some natural remedies to be taken to ensure skin care.
• Avoid dry skin and keep your skin hydrated and well-moisturized.
• Use Non-soap cleansers, if you have dry skin.
• Avoid standing for longer hours, as it can aggravate swelling in the legs.
• Take Regular brisk walks daily
• Wear compression stockings, and do not expose legs to direct heat or any hot air.
• Try to keep your feet protected as much as possible.
• Apply Condy’s solution or diluted vinegar on the swab, if there is fluid seepage from the areas. This will help to dry the areas.
• Avoid applying topical antibiotics and cosmetics with artificial fragrances or herbal extracts, made to minimize the risk of allergic reactions.
• Avoid scratching and itching as it aggravates the condition, reddening the area. Keep the back of the calf dry cleaning the accumulation of sweat.